Ranked-Choice Voting could have corrected one great electoral wrong, but would reinforce another

Kent Kroeger
16 min readNov 12, 2022

By Kent R. Kroeger (November 12, 2022)

Photo by landrachuk (Used under the CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication)

Politicians and media pundits love shaming election deniers like myself. But no bother, I wear the badge of electoral discontent without guilt or embarrassment. I earned the scarlet letter of election denial on November 7, 2000 and I am not about to let anyone take it from me.

I will never forget the Florida recount in the 2000 presidential election between George W. Bush and Vice President Al Gore.

For those who didn’t live through it or have forgotten its infamy, here is a short summary:

Based on strong evidence of ballot irregularities in Florida, a four-county recount started on November 12, but on December 9, just as a statewide recount of ‘undervote’ ballots was about to start, the U.S. Supreme Court suspended the entire recount process. Four days later, Gore conceded the election.

Unlike the January 6th Capitol riots in which not a single vote was affected, the 2000 presidential election was short-circuited by Bush and GOP operatives such as Roger Stone, who among others, helped organize protest mobs to intimidate Florida’s ballot recounters and make them stop the recount. And by the time sheriff’s deputies and state officials finally restored order during a Miami-Dade County protest by the ‘Brooks Brothers Brigade’, election officials had already decided to shutdown the county’s recount. It looked like something out of a third world election — only with a more business-casual dress code.

The forensic evidence is conclusive that a faulty — dare I say, illegal — butterfly ballot design in Palm Beach County led directly to Gore’s loss of Florida’s electoral votes and, in turn, the 2000 election.

Palm Beach County, Florida’s “Butterfly” ballot from 2000 election (Photo by User:Anthony at en.wikipedia)

“The butterfly ballot used in Palm Beach County, Florida, in the 2000 presidential election caused more than 2,000 Democratic voters to vote by mistake for Reform candidate Pat Buchanan, a number larger than George W. Bush’s certified margin of victory in Florida,” concluded researchers from Cornell, Harvard…



Kent Kroeger

I am a survey and statistical consultant with over 30 -years experience measuring and analyzing public opinion (You can contact me at: kroeger98@yahoo.com)