By Kent R. Kroeger (June 29, 2019)

Former President Jimmy Carter (L) and President Donald Trump (R)

Russian meddling did affect the 2016 election

Quantitative journalists at and at least two significant academic studies have offered empirical evidence that the Russians had some impact on the 2016 election (you can find them here and here); but, collectively, their findings are not definitive.

So why is Jimmy Carter wrong?

It may seem like I’ve just argued that Carter was right to suggest an in-depth analysis of the 2016 election would reveal Trump didn’t win fair and square.

I am a survey and statistical consultant with over 30 -years experience measuring and analyzing public opinion (You can contact me at:

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